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Flashing guide

This document describes how to set up external flashing for the devices using RTE.

NS5x/7x 12th Generation

Prerequisites

Flashing

  1. Unscrew the bottom cover of the laptop.
  2. Disconnect the battery

    All power must be removed from the laptop during flashing.

  3. Localize the flash chip.

  4. Take the WSON8 probe and locate the white dot on the needles side. The dot indicates the first reference pin that should be connected to the pin on the flash chip also marked with a dot.

  5. Connect the cables coming out from the WSON8 probe to the SPI header according to the pictures and table below.

    • Top view of flash chip:

    • Table with all required connections:

      RTE SPI header Flash Chip
      Vcc VCC
      CS CS#
      MISO (SO) SO (IO1)
      ISP IO2
      GND VSS
      SCLK SCLK
      MOSI (SI) SI
      NC IO3
    • Example connection appearance:

  6. Put the flash script on RTE:

    The next steps require the device with Linux OS, it is possible to do this on e.g. Windows, but the procedure will be different.

    1. Open the terminal and run the following commands:

      git clone https://github.com/3mdeb/RteCtrl.git
      cd RteCtrl/scripts/
      
    2. Use scp to transfer flash script, in places marked with XX enter the RTE IP address, which you can check with the command ip a:

      scp flash.sh root@XX.XX.XX.XX:/home/root/
      
  7. Login to RTE via ssh or minicom.

  8. Connect and hold the WSON8 probe to the flash chip.
  9. Read the flash chip by executing the following command on RTE:

    ./flash.sh read dump.rom
    
  10. If the reading was successful, the output from the command above should contain the phrase Verifying flash... VERIFIED.. Only after the entire script has been executed, the WSON8 probe can be disconnected.

  11. Connect and hold again the WSON8 probe to the flash chip.
  12. Write the flash chip by executing the following command on RTE:

    ./flash.sh write coreboot.rom
    
  13. If the writing was successful, the output from the command above should contain the phrase Verifying flash... VERIFIED.. Only after the entire script has been executed, the WSON8 probe can be disconnected.

  14. Reconnect the battery and screw in the bottom cover.
  15. Power on the device. If the platform is booting up and basic functionalities are working, the entire procedure was successful.