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Laboratory stand dedicated to MSI PRO Z690-A assembly guide

Introduction

This document describes the assembly procedure dedicated to the MSI PRO Z690-A testing stand.

Prerequisites

The below table contains information about all elements which are needed to create the testing stand.

  • MSI PRO Z690-A platform
  • RTE v1.1.0
  • Sonoff S20 type E
  • 4x standard female-female connection wire 2.54 mm raster
  • 7x standard female-female connection wire 2.54/2.00 mm raster
  • USB-UART converter with 4-wire cable
  • 4-pin header 2.54 mm raster

Pre-setup activities

The following subsections describe the method of preparing all the components of the laboratory stand.

MSI PRO Z690-A

MSI PRO Z690-A platform should be prepared in accordance with the Motherboard assembly documentation.

RTE

RTE (acronym: Remote Testing Environment) should be prepared in accordance with Quick start guide documentation dedicated to the device.

Sonoff

Prepare Sonoff according to Sonoff preparation instructions

Connections

The following sections describe how to enable all of the following features:

  • serial connection to the platform,
  • controlling power supply,
  • enabling basic power actions with the platform (power off/power on/reset),
  • external flashing with the RTE,
  • device power status readout.

Serial connection

  1. Attach the jumpers in the RTE J16 header to enable header J18:

    Jumper position (TX) Jumper position (RX)
    EXT + COM EXT + COM
  2. Connect the RTE J18 header to the platform JBD1 header as described in the table:

    RTE MSI PRO Z690-A
    J18 pin 1 (GND) JBD1 pin 1 (pin closer to JBAT1)
    J18 pin 2 (RX) JBD1 pin 2 (pin further from JBAT1)

    Note: Pins on JBD1 are not described in the documentation. They have been discovered experimentally. Pay attention to the connections.

    IMG IMG

Power supply controlling

Connect SeaSonic FOCUS Plus Platinum to Sonoff.

Basic power operations enabling

Connect the RTE J11 header to the platform JFP1 header as described in the table:

RTE Msi Z690
J11 pin 9 JFP1 pin 6 (PWR_ON)
J11 pin 8 JFP1 pin 7 (RST)
J15 pin 1 (GND) JFP1 pin 5 (GND)

IMG IMG IMG

External flashing enabling

Connect the RTE SPI header to the platform as described in the table:

RTE SPI header MSI Z690-A
J7 pin 1 (Vcc) JTPM1 pin 1 (SPI Power)
J7 pin 2 (GND) JTPM1 pin 7 (GND)
J7 pin 3 (CS) JTPM1 pin 5 (RESERVED / BIOS SPI CS pin)
J7 pin 4 (SCLK) JTPM1 pin 6 (SPI Clock)
J7 pin 5 (MISO) JTPM1 pin 3 (MISO)
J7 pin 6 (MOSI) JTPM1 pin 4 (MOSI)

Note: external access to the flash chip is possible only from the JTPM header. JTPM1 is a 2mm pitch header, you will need 2mm to 2.54mm female-female dupont wires to connect to RTE.

IMG IMG

Device power status readout

Connect the RTE J1 header to the platform JFP1 header as shown in the picture below:

IMG

The values ​​of R1, R2, V1 and V2 should meet the relationship according to the formula R1/R2 = V2/V1. V1 cannot be greater than 3.3V (RTE property).

Complete Setup

After preparing all of the connections also three activities should be performed to enable all of the test stand features:

  1. Connect Sonoff to the mains:

    IMG

  2. Connect the RTE to the Internet by using the Ethernet cable.

  3. Connect the RTE to the mains by using the microUSB 5 V/2 A power supply.

Complete setup should looks as follows:

Complete

Theory of operation

The following sections describe how to use all of the enabled features:

  • serial connection to the platform,
  • controlling power supply,
  • enabling basic power actions with the platform (power off/power on/reset),
  • external flashing with the RTE,
  • device power status readout.

Serial connection

The method of setting and using serial connection is described in the Serial connection guide.

Power supply controlling

Power supply controlling (in this case: controlling the state of Sonoff) should be performed based on the sonoff.sh script implemented in meta-rte (OS image dedicated to the RTE platform).

Note, that before using the above-mentioned script, it should be modified and SONOFF_IP parameter should be set in accordance with obtained Sonoff IP address.

To perform basic power operations use the below-described commands:

  1. Turn on the power supply:

    ./sonoff on
    
  2. Turn off the power supply:

    ./sonoff on
    

Basic power operations

Basic power operations should be performed based on the rte_ctrl script implemented in meta-rte (OS image dedicated to the RTE platform). To perform basic power operations use the below-described commands:

  1. Turn on the platform:

    rte_ctrl pon
    
  2. Turn off the platform:

    rte_ctrl poff
    
  3. Reset the platform:

    rte_ctrl reset
    

Note, that in order for the above commands to work properly, the platform should be powered up: both Sonoff and the power supply must be turned on.

External flashing

The external flashing procedure should be performed based on the scripts implemented on the RTE platform. To perform the flashing operation reproduce, the below-described steps:

  1. By using scp put the requested Dasharo file to the RTE:

    scp <path_to_firmware>/<firmware_file> root@<RTE_IP>:/tmp/coreboot.rom
    

    Where:

    • path_to_firmware - path to firmware, which should send to RTE,
    • firmware_file - the name of the firmware file, which should be sent to RTE,
    • RTE_IP - IP address of the connected RTE.
  2. Login to RTE via ssh or minicom.

  3. Read the flash chip by executing the following command on RTE:

    ./flash.sh read tmp/dump.rom
    
  4. If the reading was successful, the output from the command above should contain the phrase Verifying flash... VERIFIED.

  5. Write the flash chip by executing the following command on RTE:

    ./flash.sh write /tmp/coreboot.rom
    

    Do not interrupt the flashing procedure in any way (especially by changing connections). It may cause hardware damage!

  6. If the reading was successful, the output from the command above should contain the phrase Verifying flash... VERIFIED.

Device power status readout

To read the current power status use the following command:

cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio12/value

Example output:

  • 1 means that the platform is turned on.
  • 0 means that the platform is turned off.